How to access Solr credentials on Platform.sh

Goal

Access credentials for Solr from within a Platform.sh application using Python.

Assumptions

  • an active Platform.sh project
  • properly configured .platform/services.yaml for the given service
  • SSH key configured on account if developing locally
  • Solr installed if developing locally
  • properly configured Solr relationship like so, in .platform.app.yaml:
relationships:
    solr: 'solr:solr'

If developing locally, remember to first open a tunnel to the project environment using the Platform CLI.

$ platform tunnel:open && export PLATFORM_RELATIONSHIPS="$(platform tunnel:info --encode)"

This will open an SSH tunnel to your current Platform.sh environment and expose a local environment variable that mimics the relationships array on Platform.sh. Check the Platform.sh documentation and How to develop locally on Platform.sh with a tethered connection for more information.

Problems

Platform.sh service credentials are made available to applications as the PLATFORM_RELATIONSHIPS environment variable, which is a base64-encoded JSON string that has to be decoded before it can be used.

There are two primary options for accessing service credentials on Platform.sh that can be used within an application:

  1. Using the Platform.sh Config Reader library
  2. Accessing environment variables manually

Steps (Config Reader)

1. Install the library

Install the configuration library. See the documentation for minimum requirements.

$ pip install platformshconfig

2. Create a Config object

Creating a Config object provides access to the Platform.sh environment.

from platformshconfig import Config

config = Config()

3. Read the credentials

# Get the credentials to connect to the Solr service.
credentials = config.credentials('solr')

Steps (Manual)

1. Load the environment variable

import os, json, base64

relationships = json.loads(base64.b64decode(os.environ["PLATFORM_RELATIONSHIPS"]))

2. Read the credentials

credentials = relationships['solr']

Use

In most cases, you will need only the host and port properties to connect to Solr. Pass those to your Solr library’s setup routine in your application. Most of the time the other values may be ignored.

In either case, credentials is a dictionary matching the relationship JSON object.

{
  "service": "solr",
  "ip": "169.254.103.29",
  "hostname": "swhnppdg3ugcd5sktkga73wjoi.solr.service._.eu-3.platformsh.site",
  "cluster": "rjify4yjcwxaa-master-7rqtwti",
  "host": "solr.internal",
  "rel": "solr",
  "path": "solr\/collection1",
  "scheme": "solr",
  "type": "solr:7.6",
  "port": 8080
}

Conclusions

Using either the language-specific Platform.sh Configuration library or direct access methods for environment variables, an application can get Solr credentials in Python.

Platform.sh supports configuration libraries for multiple languages. The Python configuration library can be useful for connecting to Solr without creating the full DSN string using FormattedCredentials:

# Define formatted credentials
formatted_url = config.formatted_credentials('solr', 'pysolr')

The APIs for each language are written to be as consistent as possible, but seek out each library’s documentation for specific differences.